Types of credit: What they are and how they affect your score

Dec 29, 2019

Welcome to Life Designers, your go-to source for expert consulting and coaching services in the business and consumer services industry. In this article, we will dive into the important topic of credit and explore the various types of credit available and how they can affect your credit score.

Understanding Credit Scores

Before we delve into the different types of credit, it's crucial to have a basic understanding of how credit scores work. Your credit score is a numerical representation of your creditworthiness and is used by lenders, landlords, and other entities to determine your financial reliability. It is influenced by various factors, including your payment history, credit utilization, length of credit history, and types of credit accounts you have open.

Now, let's explore the different types of credit that play a significant role in shaping your credit profile and overall credit score.

Revolving Credit

Revolving credit is a type of credit where you have a predetermined credit limit, and you can borrow against that limit repeatedly. The most common example of revolving credit is a credit card. With a credit card, you can make purchases up to your credit limit and repay the balance over time, subject to interest charges if the balance is not paid in full each month. Revolving credit provides flexibility, but it's essential to manage it responsibly to avoid accumulating excessive debt and negatively impacting your credit score.

Installment Credit

Unlike revolving credit, installment credit involves borrowing a fixed amount of money and repaying it in regular installments over a predetermined period. Examples of installment credit include auto loans, mortgages, and personal loans. Making on-time payments and successfully repaying installment credit can demonstrate your ability to manage long-term financial commitments, positively affecting your credit score.

Secured Credit

Secured credit is a type of credit backed by collateral, such as a deposit or an asset. This collateral serves as security for the lender, reducing the risk of default. Secured credit options include secured credit cards and secured loans. By using collateral, individuals with limited credit history or lower credit scores can still access credit and build a positive credit record over time.

Unsecured Credit

Unsecured credit refers to credit that is not backed by collateral. It is granted based on your creditworthiness and financial history. Examples of unsecured credit include personal loans, credit cards, and student loans. To obtain unsecured credit, lenders typically assess your credit score, income, and other factors to determine your creditworthiness. Responsible use of unsecured credit can help you establish a strong credit history and improve your credit score.

Store Credit

Store credit is a type of credit offered by retail stores. It allows you to make purchases at that specific store and often offers exclusive benefits and rewards for loyal customers. Store credit cards, for example, are a type of revolving credit that can be used only at the issuing store or affiliated stores. Proper management of store credit can contribute positively to your credit profile.

Mix of Credit

The mix of credit refers to having a diverse assortment of credit accounts in your credit history. This includes a combination of revolving credit, installment credit, and other types of credit. A healthy mix of credit demonstrates your ability to handle different credit obligations, indicating responsible financial behavior. It is important to maintain a good mix of credit while managing all accounts responsibly.

Impact on Credit Score

Now that we've covered various types of credit, let's discuss how they can impact your credit score. Different types of credit accounts contribute to your credit score differently. Factors such as credit utilization, payment history, and account age play key roles in determining your credit score. It is essential to maintain a positive payment history, low credit utilization ratio, and a good mix of credit accounts to achieve and maintain a high credit score.

At Life Designers, we understand the complexities of credit and its significance in your financial journey. Our professional consulting and coaching services can provide personalized guidance to help you navigate the world of credit effectively and achieve your goals.


In conclusion, understanding the different types of credit and their impact on your credit score is essential for building and maintaining a healthy credit profile. Whether it's revolving credit, installment credit, secured credit, unsecured credit, store credit, or a mix of credit accounts, managing them responsibly is key. With the expert consulting and coaching services offered by Life Designers, you can gain the knowledge and skills needed to optimize your credit utilization, make informed financial decisions, and achieve your desired financial outcomes.